Possible Solutions to Global Warming
Global warming has been a major problem in the current society. Different parts of the world are experiencing the effects of global warming, which has created concerns in the different field of study. Scientist have developed theories and reasons why this is happening and ways to solve it. However, the solution offered by different scientific bodies has led to world debate on whether they are applicable and if they will positively impact on the environment. Global warming has been a major concern for United Nations since some of its effects have resulted in the loss of life. Both scientist and politicians have collaborated to try to solve this issue by formulating laws aimed at protecting the environment. The following paper indulges in possible solution for global warming.
Several solutions have been developed to ensure that the environment is protected to ensure that it is habitable for all animals. Scientists have established that the ozone layer has been damaged by the high levels of carbon dioxide, and other poisonous gases emitted in the air. Global warming means that the heat from the sun is trapped on the earth surface, hence increasing the temperature levels (Jacobson, 2009). To illustrate this scientist have discovered that snow level in the various mountains have reduced due the increase in temperature. Reduced level of snow increases water level meaning that areas near oceans and seas will be covered by water in a few years to come. Temperature levels have also increased which has led to dryness in some parts of the world due to water evaporation from the soil. Other areas of the globe have been hit by extreme and unpredictable weather events such as floods in China and droughts in some parts of Africa.
Human activities are a major cause of global warming. These activities include greenhouse farming, industrial gas emission, and nuclear power. For instance, some cities in China are covered by smoke from industries, which pose a great health risk to those living in those areas, and it also destroys the ozone layer (Davis, 2009). The increase in the manufacturing industry that uses energy or products that emit Carbon dioxide has increased leading to worries that earth may end-up being inhabitable. There are several ways that global warming can be reduced to improve the environmental status. The first method is reducing the amount of gas emitted by developing strict laws and encouraging cooperate social responsibility for industries. Industries should use energy that is less harmful to the environment and ensure that any harmful gas emitted is converted to a less dangerous gas through chemical reactions. This strategy requires government and manufacturers collaboration to ensure that the environment is protected (Davis, 2009). Drafting of laws to protect the environment requires a government political since laws are drafted by politicians. Various lobby groups have been formed to lobby for laws to protect the environment and enhance vigilance on corporations that may violet them. Ice is melting at high speed making scientist worried that some countries such as Italy may be submerged in water to increasing sea level. Ice in the Arctic Ocean has reduced by huge amount hence increasing concerns that unless something is done then water level levels will increase.
Another crucial evidence of global warming is the migration of wild animals whose ecosystem has been destroyed by rising temperature. Some animals are migrating from the equator toward the earth pole where the temperature is relatively low (Weart, 2003). Experts have warned that if the temperature continue rising at, is level then some animals will be extinct since they cannot live in a warm environment. NASA has also warned that increased carbon dioxide emission will make the earth inhabitable for people due to increased radiations (Zedillo, 2008).
Global warming has also affected the society in various ways. For instance, many countries are faced with the shortage of food due to poor weather conditions. Food security is a major concern for World Food Organization since it is tasked with the role of ensuring that those affected by drought receive food aid. The number of such people seeking assistance for food has increased due to increased drought (Archer, 2012). Scientist argues that some of this draught and poor weather conditions can be attributed to global warming. The increase in human population has also contributed to global warming since most of the areas covered by forests have been cleared for human settlement. Reduced tree coverage means that the level of carbon dioxide consumed by trees has reduced. In addition, trees produce oxygen during photosynthesis meaning that the oxygen level is reducing (Hackl & Pruckner, 2003). The solution to this challenge is population control and planting of more trees to improve the environment.
The following are the main solutions that have been developed by scientists to reduce pollution level and protect the ozone layer. The first solution is improving using friendly sources of energy. Fuel burning in cars and other machines means that carbon dioxide emitted is high (Singer & Avery, 2007). Some manufacturers have developed cars that do not use fuel and encouraging people to use them. Some vehicles have been fitted with chemicals that react with the fuel gases to produce less toxic gas. The development of electric train has also reduced gas emission from trains, which were previously powered by coal (Archer, 2012). Industries are also encouraged to ensure that they limit the use of coal products in the manufacturing process to ensure that carbon dioxide emission is low. Fossil fuel is a major source of energy in different countries hence increasing environmental pollution. Those against this idea argue that there is no viable alternative to fossil fuel. Although other forms of energy production have been developed, they are not cheap and lack similar power as coal products (Davis, 2009). For instance, cars driven by other sources of energy are little power and speed compared to those using fuel. Industrial players have argued that although fossil fuel causes global warming scientist have failed to offer other solutions that can substitute fuel and maintain the cost of production. Most countries have invested in fuel production and it a main source of government revenue (Davis, 2009). They argue that in case fuel use is burned then their economy will be negatively affected. Such countries have used a large amount of investments in mining and refining coal, and any burn would affect their return on investment. However, industries should reduce fuel use to improve the environment since if the current trend continues then the earth temperature will continue rising (Dinçer, 2010).
The second solution is controlling agriculture and forestry. It is estimated that 30% of heat-trapping emission have been caused by agricultural practices and cutting of trees. Many countries have increased greenhouse farming to boost their produce and ensure that their agricultural products are less affected by the changing environment (Hackl & Pruckner, 2003). However, these practices are dangerous to the environment since greenhouses trap heat from the sun preventing it to leave the earth atmosphere. Increased heat-trapping increases the temperature levels hence causing global warming. Clearing of forest due to population increase for more farming land has affected vegetation cover exposing the earth to more carbon dioxide (Archer, 2012). Those who argue for this solution argues that government and society should be lobbied ensure that trees are protected. To solve the issue of the high population, they argue that states need to control birth rate to ensure that the available land can accommodate the population. If forest cover is increased and greenhouse farming reduced then, global warming will reduce by 30% hence improving the ecosystem (Davis, 2009). Those against this idea argue that already the population is huge, and the available land cannot support it hence, it is impossible to reduce agricultural land. They argue that it should be increased to improve food security. In addition, they argue that greenhouse farming has increased food production and quality due to controlled environment. Hence, reducing greenhouses mean that countries will be faced with food security problem. They argue that for countries with no reliable source water greenhouse is very useful since it limits the amount of water used (Davis, 2009). In addition, it is impossible for some plants to grow outside a greenhouse such as flowers. However, this argument is not valid because as statistics shows the continuous use of greenhouse will make the earth inhabitable.
In conclusion, global warming can be reduced through the collaboration of different sectors. By controlling gas emission and increasing forest cover, then the earth temperature will return to normal. In the future if all member states collaborate the ice level will increase, and the sea level will reduce hence improving the environment.