Data collection in qualitative research involves different methods. The time taken to achieve results may vary from one method to another. The methods used when collecting data could give a slight variation in the end result. Using more than one method to collect data in a research increases the validity of the study. The most common methods used in collecting data include; focus group discussions, interviews, document analysis, and observation. Data triangulation is when more than one method of collecting data is used in a study, ie combining interviews and focus groups. You should always put in writing everything noted during the study no matter the mode of collecting data you’re using, This article lists four methods of collecting data when coming up with contents of a research proposal.


Interviews are excellent as the researcher has a one on one experience with the people on the ground. The opinions and perspective shared give the interviewer a deeper understanding of the status. You can easily draw comparisons between events and your encounters in the study. The different forms of interviews used in examples of well-written research proposals are; Structured, semi-structured, dependent and in-depth interviews. The researcher should create a bond that will enable the interviewee express self in an unlimited manner. When you build a sense of trust with the interviewee, you are likely to get honest answers from them.


Different observational methods are used to get the contents of research proposals. Use of video recording is categorized under non-participating observation. Ethnography has the researcher participating in peoples lives over a period of time. Normally, the researcher will be actively involved in the peoples’ daily routines, watch the daily happenings, listen and ask questions.


The researcher will arouse a topic of discussion so as to gather the knowledge and understand the views of the participants in the group. An ideal group has about ten people and a moderator. Managing a discussion where everyone wants to share their input can be challenging, that’s why it’s good to have a facilitator. Contents of research proposals heavily rely on focus group discussions; where this method of data collection was applied.


This method is based on sources which are already present. An example of a well-written research proposal that uses document analysis to find results of a study is that which uses government documents and private or individual reports. Newspaper articles, published books, government gazettes, medical and legal records are some of the documents used by researchers to create contents of research proposals.

The contents of a research proposal are the pinnacle of the entire process. The activities and stages of compiling all that you have to need dedication and commitment to your work. An example of a written research proposal with excellent end results will have the introduction and conclusion written in an orderly manner. The methodology is also crucial, depending on the researcher’s field. New terms are introduced at every stage, and the learner should be familiar with everything.